What is intermittent fasting?
Each and every week there seems to be a shiny new health and fitness trend. You know what I’m talking about? That brand new exercise, amazing new way of eating, or incredible new superfood? Yep, the one that is going to boost health and “help you drop 10 kilos in as little as two week!”
Just to be clear – I am being a little bit sarcastic here.
Or very sarcastic here.
Anyhow – while most of us are going to be highly skeptical of these claims (which isn’t necessarily a bad thing), it can make it a challenge to sort through all the misinformation and find something that actually works.
Like Intermittent Fasting for example.
As you are most likely aware, intermittent fasting is a way of eating that has gained a lot of attention over the last couples of years. It has been described as an ‘incredible way’ to both promote fat loss and improve health.
But is this really the case?
While these claims may seem rather lofty (I can hear your bullshit sensor going off from here…), there is evidence to suggest that it may assist in achieving both of these goals quickly and efficiently. When it’s implemented correctly, that is.
Now before we dive right into the rest of the article, I want to add a bit of a disclaimer. Intermittent fasting is not the be-all end-all of dietary interventions. It’s not going to do all the work for you – and it’s certainly not going to get you ‘shredded in weeks, brah’.
But it does offer a tool that can be used to help you boost health and promote weight loss.
What is Intermittent Fasting?
So, to put it pretty simply, intermittent fasting describes small periods of eating that are broken up by longer periods of not eating (or fasting).
While at first glance this may seem like a stupid concept, it is important to note that we all undertake a period of fasting during the night while we sleep. Overnight we obviously (and unavoidably) abstain from eating, and then break our fast with whatever we chose to eat upon waking.
Simple stuff really.
Now, it’s worth pointing out that the term ‘intermittent fasting’ actually covers a broad range of eating patterns. As a result, there are a number of different approaches to intermittent fasting that can be used.
Some intermittent fasting protocols recommend that you extend your overnight fasting period by a few hours, while others suggest that you should fast for days at a time. No matter what you choose to do, you are essentially trying to cause the same key outcomes.
Namely capitalizing on the hormonal changes that occur when the body is in a fasted state.
What are the ‘Real’ Benefits of Intermittent Fasting?
As I have mentioned briefly, intermittent fasting has been said to both boost health and enhance weight loss – but like most things of this nature, some of its claims have been somewhat blown out of proportion.
With this in mind, I have compiled some of the research around intermittent fasting and its impact on the human body
So first and foremost, after a period of fasting, we see some key hormonal changes in the body:
The Hormonal Effects of Intermittent Fasting
Firstly, we see a decline in insulin secretion.
Insulin is often considered the ‘energy storage hormone’, as it causes the uptake of proteins, glucose, and fatty acids into the body’s cells. To describe it rather simplistically, when insulin levels are high, the body is in a state of storage.
Alternatively, when insulin levels are low, the body is suggested to have easier access to fatty acids for energy, which has been said to have some positive (albeit small) implications for fat loss.
Interestingly, a reduction in insulin secretion has also shown to reduce your risk of developing metabolic disease, cardiovascular disease, and even age related cognitive decline.
So a few positives to consider.
Secondly, after a period of fasting, you also see a large spike in the secretion of human growth hormone.
Now this is important, because human growth hormone plays key role in the breakdown of fat for energy and the development of new muscle tissue. As a result, prolonging its natural secretion can have some positive implications for your body composition.
Namely, more muscle mass and less fat mass – although again, the impact here is relatively small.
Through the interactions of each of these factors, intermittent fasting has also been shown to cause small, yet measurable, increases in resting metabolic rate. This meas that you will be burning more energy at rest than you would be normally.
So, in short – Intermittent fasting can put your body in a state that makes it easier to lose weight and has potential metabolic health benefits.
Are There Any Other Benefits of Intermittent Fasting
Now, while the hormonal impact of intermittent fasting is undoubtedly positive – particularly in regards to improving metabolic health – it certainly isn’t its biggest bonus in terms of weight loss.
In fact, I would argue that there is one very good reason as to why intermittent fasting can help you lose weight.
And it comes down to the fact that it makes you eat less.
I know – pretty damn clever, right?
By restricting the amount of food you eat during the day, you will eat less on a weekly basis (duh…).
This makes it much easier to maintain a weekly energy deficit, which will obviously lead to weight loss and some associated improvements in health.
What’s the Best Way to Do Intermittent Fasting?
As I have already mentioned briefly, there are a number of unique intermittent fasting protocols that you can use, however, I like to opt for a rather simple approach. This makes it not only easy to implement, but also much easier to stick to.
Regimented Intermittent Fasting
You see, some people recommend regimented and timed fasting protocols. With these, you can only eat between certain times during the day – for example, only eating between 1pm and 8pm every single day.
This is done to provide an eating regime, ensuring that you avoid food outside of these times and guaranteeing that a prolonged period of fasting is maintained.
However, while this does seem like a fairly logical approach, I believe that it does have some associated downfalls.
Firstly, this particular method is very restrictive. It offers absolutely zero flexibility on a day-by-day basis. This is important because in my mind, those diets (or in this case, eating patterns) that are most successful are those that are the easiest to stick to.
No flexibility = hard to stick to.
Secondly, these arbitrary and regimented eating windows don’t factor in the time you wake up, or the time that you go to bed. As a result, they are not really applicable to everyone at an individual level.
Easy Intermittent Fasting
So with all this in mind, it’s pretty obvious that the benefits of intermittent fasting come from spending time in a fasted state. This means a fast lasting anywhere between 12 and 18 hours will have the positive effects previously mentioned – no matter what time we start to fast each day.
As a result, if someone is interested in trying intermittent fasting, I recommend that they simply fast for around 5 or 6 hours after waking each day. This will work irrespective of whether they wake up at 5am, 8am, or even 10am.
This still provides more than enough time to get the positive effects of intermittent fasting (often still using around a 16 hour fast), without having to deal with the regimented time periods associated with our more traditional methods of fasting.
Simple and effective!
Intermittent Fasting Frequently Asked Questions
So you might find that while this seems well and good in theory, there are a few practicalities that need ironing out. Taking that into consideration, I have tried to answer some of the more common questions that people ask me when it comes to intermittent fasting.
What Can I Eat While I am Fasting?
So fasting essentially means abstaining from food in its entirety. As a result, during your fasting period, it is pretty much integral that you do not consume any calories.
This is because as soon as energy enters the body, we see hormonal changes that ultimately eliminate the positive effects that are associated with intermittent fasting.
But, it’s important to note that you don’t have to abstain from absolutely anything.
Zero calorie beverages, such as black coffee and green tea are fantastic options. While I must admit that they are not all that filling, they do actually have the ability to blunt hunger. This can make managing your fasting period much easier.
Can I Drink Liquids during the Fast?
Building on the above point, you can certainly consume liquids, but again, they have to be non-caloric. So again, black and green tea, black coffee, and water are all fine.
Although it might be worth avoiding the addition of sugar and milk to these…
Isn’t it unhealthy to skip breakfast?
This is a question that comes up pretty often, and I believe it’s based off of the age old suggestion that breakfast is the most important meal of the day – to which I would argue that it probably isn’t.
You see, while there is some research to suggest that people who skip breakfast tend to be less healthy than their breakfast eating counterparts, this isn’t the whole story. It is more likely that most stereotypical breakfast skippers also have unhealthy lifestyles. So rather than them skipping breakfast causing their poor health, its the fact that their lifestyle cause poor health..
So in short, as long as you eat healthy meals the rest of the day, you will be fine!
When is it best to workout with intermittent fasting?
In an ideal world, you would exercise in between your first and second meal – so either early afternoon or evening. This would ensure that you have adequate energy available to support your training session. Additionally, it will also provide you with all the necessary nutrients you need to recover after that training session.
However, I realize that we can’t always do this (you know, because of life…) – which lends itself to our next question quite nicely.
Can I work out while fasted?
First and foremost, I should note that your body isn’t as fragile as some people suggest. With this, it’s certainly not going to spontaneously combust if you decide to exercise without eating anything beforehand.
Your body swill still be full to the brim with all the energy you consumed yesterday. So in the grand scheme of things, neither your performance nor your recovery will be limited.
I should note that while training fasted for 30-60 minutes will be fine, running an ultramarathon fasted is probably not the best idea…
Isn’t fasting bad for my metabolism?
The short answer to this one is no.
The suggestion that not eating will cause your metabolism to slow down is based on evidence showing a small increase in energy usage eating. This acute increase in energy expenditure is known as the thermic effect of food (TEF). TEF ultimately refers to the energy required to break down and digest the food that you have just consumed.
The assumption is that if you eat more often, you will cause acute increases in your metabolism more frequently, and burn more energy as a result.
But TEF doesn’t work like that.
TEF is determined by your total daily energy intake (and often sits between 10-20% of the food you eat). So it doesn’t matter whether you eat 6 small meals totaling 2000 calories, or one large meal totaling 2000 calories. As long as the macronutrient profile of that food remains the same, so will your TEF.
So no, fasting isn’t bad or your metabolism in any way, shape, or form.
Can I Eat Anything I Want During My Eating Window?
A common misconception that sits around fasting relates to the suggestion that you can eat anything you want. Which i can assure you is not true,
Even despite the benefits associated with intermittent fasting, you can still overeat during your fasting window. This can essentially render any of those possible benefits completely useless, leading to weight gain and declines in health.
So with all this in mind, it is in your best interest to eat a normal healthy diet during your eating period. This means that you will still get in all your essential vitamins and minerals, but with less energy on a daily basis,
Does it get easier?
And finally, one question that comes up quite a bit is ‘how do I deal with my hunger pains?’ And to be completely honest, it does get easier after a week or so. In fact, it probably gets easier after only a few days.
Often we eat out of routine – not out of necessity.
With that in mind, the hunger signals you receive in the morning are only there because you haven’t eaten at a time when you normally would. After an hour or so they will dissipate completely, and you can carry on with your day as normal.
So yes – it should get much easier.
Take Home Message
Intermittent fasting isn’t going to save the worlds obesity crisis, cure diabetes, or eliminate cancer. But it does offer a useful tool that can be implemented to help facilitate weight loss and improve metabolic health.
It also doesn’t have to be complex.
The intermittent fasting protocol outlined in this article offers a simple and effective way to fit this unique way of eating around your own individual schedule, This makes it less restrictive and more effective as a result.
If you have any questions, drop a comment down below and I’ll get back to you ASAP!
About the Author
The weather starts to improve, the days start to get longer, the shorts start to come out, and the knowledge that summer is just around the corner starts to hit.
Until you realize that you planned on doing a little more work in the gym before beach season…
Now, don’t get me wrong – I am all for both accepting and loving one’s body.
I truly believe that you are worth so much more than simply how you look on a given day. I also believe that you shouldn’t give a second to thought as to what others think about you, nor how they think you look at any given point in time.
However, I am also very aware that on a personal level, I like being leaner in the summer time.
Call it vanity – hell, call it whatever you want – it’s the truth, and I am perfectly OK with that.
And you should be to.
So, with all that in mind, here are my 5 keys to leaning out before summer – do with them what you will, and enjoy the results!
1. Lift weights 2-3 times per week
This may go against what some would consider conventional wisdom, but that doesn’t make it any less effective.
The amount of energy your body needs to survive (AKA your metabolism) is heavily dictated by the amount of lean muscle tissue you have on our body. This is because muscle mass is what is considered active tissue – which simply means that it needs to use energy to survive.
As a result, if you increase the amount and quality of muscle mass you have on your body (even slightly), you can cause a pretty substantial increases in your metabolism.
In short, this means you will burn more energy every single day – even irrespective of any additional exercise that you may be doing outside of your gym sessions.
2. Consume a serve of lean protein every single meal
Now, I can certainly appreciate that telling you to eat more of something may sound somewhat counter intuitive, but hear me out for a second.
First up, protein plays an integral role in recovery after exercise. In this manner, it is used to build and repair muscle tissue.
So, if you are performing strength training on the regular (which, as the above point so aptly states, you should be), then you need enough protein available within your body to recover and build new muscle tissue – which invariably increases your metabolic rate, and therefore contributes to fat loss.
Secondly, protein has the highest satiety rating of all the macronutrients that we eat – this means that per calorie, protein will make you feel ‘fuller’ for longer.
As a result, eating protein will seriously increase the amount of satisfaction you feel after a meal, while simultaneously reducing hunger cravings throughout the day. This will lead to less snacking, which will cause an associated reduction in energy intake.
Third and finally, I should note that protein also has the highest thermic effect of food (TEF) of all the macronutrients.
This means that your body actually has to use energy to break down and digest the protein that you consume, which can contribute to the amount of energy you expend on a daily basis.
So, to summarize: Protein = fat loss.
3. Perform 1-2 sessions of high intensity interval training (HIIT) sessions per week
HIIT pretty much describes a modality of exercise that requires you to perform short bouts of high intensity cardiovascular activity, which are then separated by short bouts of low intensity cardiovascular activity.
Those of you have been to iNform before would have a pretty good idea of what I am talking about here.
So, a simple HIIT session may consist of 30 seconds running at a fairly rapid pace (say, 90% of your top speed) followed by one minute of very light jogging – which could then be repeated for a total of 21 minutes (or for 14 intervals, however you want to look at it).
Now, the reason I like HIIT over some other modalities of training is twofold.
- Firstly, it is extremely time efficient.
- Secondly, it not only burns energy during the session, but also helps you burn calories after the session has been completed.
You see, HIIT places the body under high amounts of physical stress (good stress, of course).
As a result, it requires a slightly longer period of recovery than lower intensity cardio. This means that the body must work harder to contribute to this recovery process. This results in an increase in energy expenditure for up to 48 hours after the session has been completed.
And, to talk it up a little more (sorry if this sounds like a shameless plug… it just works that damn well), HIIT can be applied to any exercise modality, and tailored towards anyone’s individual level of fitness – meaning it is pretty useful for anyone.
4. Stop Consuming Liquid calories
People think the bubonic plague was bad – but at least those guys got to go quickly.
Sugar sweetened beverages do it slowly. They increase your risk of diabetes, cardiovascular disease, obesity – and obviously weight gain.
Beverages like soft drink and fruit juice are literally full to the brim with sugar, and as such, provide an abundance of energy per serve. Within this, they register very low on the satiety index – meaning that they will not make you feel either full or satisfied after you drink them.
With all this in mind, it should be pretty obvious as to how they increase your risk of gaining weight, and also how they severely hinder your ability to lose it.
So simply – try to avoid them.
5. Knuckle down on sleep
Now my final tip is pretty boring – but that doesn’t make it any less important.
Many don’t realise it, but sleep is absolutely integral to maintaining a high quality of health and maximising weight loss.
A lack of sleep can wreak absolute havoc with your hormone levels, leading to an increased secretion of the hormone cortisol – which can result in huge declines in your daily energy levels, combined with an inability to lose weight.
As such, in situation where you are getting minimal amount of sleep per night, fat loss can become very challenging.
With his in mind, you should aim for anywhere between 7 and 9 hours of sleep each night.
This will improve health, enhance your ability to lose fat, and of course increase your energy levels throughout the day – all of which are pretty damn important.
Enhancing Fat Loss: The Take Home Message
With summer just around the corner, why not take a few extra steps to get beach ready – I certainly know I am!
The tips in this article are pretty simple to implement, and seriously make the world of difference.
So give them a go and let us know what you think!
About the Author
So we established in Part 1 of this blog that the guidelines suggest that two or more serves is how much fruit we should consume. However, for some of us, it’s really easy to over consume. And this may well be having a negative impact on our health. Now I finished the previous blog with suggesting that somewhere between 2 to 3 serves is most ideal. But what if I have metabolic issues? Are there better and worse fruits to consume?
How much fruit should I consume to protect the heart?
Interestingly, many studies have looked into this question. However, they tend to combine fruit and vegetables together making it hard to conclude. One study by Lai et al (2015) looked into this and found that in a group of UK women the risk of death from a cardiovascular event decreased with more fruit even with over 4 serves per day. It’s would be easy from this to conclude that more is better right?
Another UK study looked at the risk of death from cardiovascular disease or cancer in both men and women (Oyebode et al 2013). What they found was that increased vegetable consumption was more protective than fruit. When they looked at just fruit intake the greatest benefit was at 3 serves per day. Depending on the model used, an increase in serves beyond this either had no further benefit or increased your risk.
How much fruit should I eat for metabolic health?
So we know that 3-4 serves of fruit is good for the heart. But what about people who are at risk of or want to prevent diabetes?
We have a good amount of evidence here that perhaps we shouldn’t be eating too much fruit. In fact a very large meta-analysis of 7 studies by Li et al (2015) concluded that those who had a fruit intake of around 200 grams per day (about 1.5 serves) were less at risk of developing diabetes. While it certainly is not good to have no fruit in a day, having 3-4 serves increased your risk comparatively. And from there, things tended to get worse with increased fruit consumption.
Furthermore, a study by Zhang & Jiang (2015) tended to corroborate this finding with two serves a day being the “sweet spot” for reducing the risk of developing diabetes in a study of over 200,000 individuals. And similar to the Li et al (2015) meta-analysis, they found a similar U shaped curve when consumption increased above 2 serves with 4 serves being as high a risk as having no fruit at all.
So there may be such thing as too much of a good thing. And like most things we need to consume fruit in moderation, especially if we’re at risk of diabetes and metabolic conditions.
But are some fruits better than others? Well the short answer to this question is “yes”
Fruits that when you consume more to have a health benefit
Interestingly, most studies will show that vegetables have a stronger association in reducing premature death than fruit (Oyebode et al 2013). However, some fruits, when you consume more tend to reduce your risk of either cardiovascular disease or diabetes.
Lai et al (2015) found that a greater intake of citrus was associated with a lower risk of fatal stroke in women. While grapes were seen to be more protective against a fatal cardiovascular event. When we look at the risk of diabetes, Alperet et al (2017) found that temperate fruit such as apples was associated with a loser risk of diabetes in women. Both citrus and grapes tended to lower the risk of diabetes for both men and women.
So it appears there are some common threads: citrus and grapes tend to reduce our risk. But what about fruits that perhaps aren’t so good for us to overconsume?
Fruits that may not be good for us when we over consume
Firstly, a common theme in most studies is that fruit juice is not fruit! Imamura et al (2015) found that while not quite as bad as soft drink (every serve a day increased your risk of diabetes by 18%), every serve of fruit juice increased your risk by 5%.
When it comes to increasing your risk of cardiovascular disease it seems that any canned fruit will do this (Oyebode et al, 2013). They found that every daily serve increased your risk by 17%.
Now there it appears that too much tropical fruits (bananas, mangoes, melons) will increase your risk of diabetes and these should be limited to less than one serve a day (Alperet et al 2017). Interesting Huang et al (2017) found that tropical fruit increased the risk of gestational diabetes.
Finally, Alperet et al (2017) also found that higher glycaemic index (GI) fruits had a greater risk than lower GI fruits. While these fruits tend to be more tropical in nature here’s a list of fruits with a GI greater than 50:
- Watermelon – 72
- Pineapple – 66
- Rock melon – 65
- Paw Paw – 60
- Canned Peaches – 58
- Banana – 56 (although increases with ripeness)
- Kiwi Fruit – 52
The take home message about how much fruit you should eat
- The amount of fruit you eat is important. 2-3 serves per day is probably best for your long term health but more than 4 may increase your your risk of metabolic conditions such as diabetes.
- Try and limit your consumption of high glycaemic fruits like tropical fruits and treat them as “treats”.
- Don’t count fruit juice as a fruit, if anything it should be treated more like soft drink
- Aim to get the bulk of your 2-3 serves of fruit a day from lower or moderate GI fruits. Fruits like grapes, apples and citrus all appear to reduce your risk of health conditions as you age.
About the author
Warning – challenging content ahead!
Please only read on if you are prepared to have a serious conversation with yourself about your health choices over the next month; and if you are willing to not only set up a plan to survive Christmas, but to come out the other side feeling great about your choices!
As mentioned in a previous blog, we are currently facing a seasonal conundrum – our environment is against us! While we try to stay healthy, and perhaps even get in better shape and fitness to enjoy summer more, we are also being invited to more parties, with more food, and more drinks! And it’s hard to say no, as it is the ‘silly’ season after all, right?!
… but are we happy with the outcome this will lead to? How will we feel on the 2nd of January? Groggy, heavy, lethargic? Or energised and vibrant?
So, we have an interesting choice to make. We can go with the flow, and let circumstances and the environment dictate what happens to our health OR we can take a stand against the status quo!! In an earlier blog I shared iNform’s mission to help you push back against this environmental tide. We personally and professionally understand how tough it is to stand strong when everything and everyone around you is pushing another glass of wine or cheese platter your way! However, we would not be true to our calling, or doing our job; or doing you any favours for that matter, if we didn’t challenge you, and support you, to make this year different!
So lets make a plan to survive Christmas!
How will we do this? Well, I’ll share some practical tips to help you along, but of primary and most significant importance, is the choice you will need to make. Because at the end of the day, it will be you who will need to implement change; and that will be so much easier once you are convicted that it’s because you TRULY want to change. Your picture of yourself at the other side of Christmas in great health needs to be more important and real, than the desire for short term satisfaction that will come from over-eating… Are we ok so far?
I’d like to ask you some questions, which you should answer to yourself:
- How do you want to look and feel on the 2nd of January? (you may have some specific goals, such as an actual weight; scale of 1-10 of ‘wellbeing’; or an outfit you want to feel comfortable in.)
- How good will it actually feel if you achieve that goal, and why?
- What are behaviours that you feel put you at greatest risk of not achieving that goal? (such as eating too often/too much, etc)
- How good do those behaviours ACTUALLY feel when we do them? Have you experienced that sometimes the ‘idea’ of those behaviours is actually more powerful than the behaviour itself… for example, if drinking a lovely wine and eating cheese was actually SO good, you would be doing it all the time right? But you don’t, you can actually put those behaviours aside… see where this is heading?
- I hope this next question doesn’t sound patronising, as I certainly don’t mean it to be so…. Can you have a good time at a gathering without overdoing your particular behaviours in question?
- How much better will you feel when you get home from that party and you succeeded in not overconsuming??!
- Does that feeling of victory and control outweigh the short lived feeling had you eaten/drank more than you wanted… How nice to not have to regret anything, right?!
The process above is aimed to give some context to the behaviours you chose. It really comes down to a choice of ‘short term satisfaction vs long term pain’ OR ‘short term control for long term satisfaction’! Why would you choose the former?? Why do we tend to? Most often, because we just ‘go with the flow’… we don’t stop and take stock of the consequences, as we would with other behaviours. So if you just read through the numbered questions above without giving them some real thought, can I encourage you to go back and spend some time on them?
The process won’t necessarily be easy, but it will be worth it in so many ways! And as the ‘Quit Smoking’ ads encourage us to do: if you fail the first time, try again! you will get closer every time you do. Very importantly, don’t be harsh on yourself – these behaviours in question have been in place (in one way or another) for a very long time, in addition, the environment IS against you, so you have these two battles on your hands. But you have us by your side, every step of the way! If you would like our support through this process, can I encourage you to take advantage of our “Line in the Sand Campaign“?
As I’ve been writing this I’ve realised that this will be a short series of about three blogs, so part 2 and 3 will be out shortly!
Are you enjoying the warmer weather we are having in Adelaide? Have you started to attend a few extra barbeques and ‘Christmas’ parties already?! I certainly feel like the social calendar is getting busier, and so the demand for time is increasing. So I’d like to share with you my strategy for exercises to burn more calories over christmas!
Increased Strength Training to grow the ‘metabolic engine’ and burn more calories
This year I have increased my training both on the bike and in the gym in preparation for my next big cycling challenge, which is going to require much larger amounts of strength than my last (bike ride from Melbourne to Adelaide!). One of the side benefits of this extra strength training has been greater muscle mass, which I have certainly felt has helped my capacity to absorb some of those extra calories that I have eaten at the extra social events!
I feel like at this time of year we face an interesting conundrum, where on one hand the desire to get in shape for summer is matched by the gathering momentum of parties around us! So I have two thoughts for you to help you succeed this summer:
Structure your exercises to burn more calories over Christmas
There’s no question that the best way to avoid an expanding waistline is to a) limit caloric intake, b) eat wholesome foods, c) do the right types of exercise. But lets be realistic, ‘a’ & ‘b’ are particularly hard to do during the silly season (but not impossible, and a blog is coming up soon about this!), so ‘c’ can be a great way to shift the needle in the right direction. The key, considering the reduced amount of time we have because of all this socialising (!) is to be efficient. This means lifting as heavy as you can and exercising at the greatest intensity you can. Both of these strategies will ensure the best return for your time. My favourite work-out at the moment is alternating heavy deadlifts with push ups. This combination results in pretty much every muscle in my body being worked with just two exercises. Due to the very different nature of these exercises, I can back them up and do quite a few sets of each in a short period of time.
There are many different combinations you could do, but as a rule of thumb, focus on exercises that target large muscle groups, such as squats, lunges, deadlifts, pressing movements like push-ups, and pulling movements like chin ups or rows.
Partner an upper body exercise with a lower body exercise, so that while you are doing one, you are resting the other body part. And if you don’t have access to weights, then alternating a body-weight lower body exercise (such as squats or lunges) with some push ups (for example) will do the trick!
We can help with more guidance on this to ensure that your technique is good and you get the best out of your exercises!
I’m reading an interesting book (by Sonia Arrison) at the moment that explores the health changes we need to make to ensure we live an extended, and healthy, life. A quote from the book really jumped out at me and I’d like to share it with you:
“We cannot (or should not) outsource our own lives. In whatever capacity we can – as intellectuals, scientists investors, voters, cultural leaders – we must take ownership of the future. In order to win, we must fight! We are not mere spectators.”
What stood out to me from this quote is that at the end of the day we have to take a front step to change our situation. There’s no question that our environment, and in fact society, make it difficult for us to remain healthy, especially this time of year. So we have to make a choice to resist that momentum around us! My follow up blog to this one covers a process that will help you approach the festivities in a way that will see you succeed and avoid the extra calories in the first place!
Our commitment is to help and support you with that, so don’t hesitate to contact us!
With summer just around the corner many of us are starting to think about easing ourselves back into our old exercise routines. Whether it be to lose a couple of kilos, or to ensure we feel just more comfortable spending time at the beach, most are slowly starting to climb back into their running shoes or slide back onto their bike seats.
But what if I were to suggest that this type of exercise (as in exercise of the cardio variety) may not be the best way to promote changes in the way we look or feel? While it may go against somewhat ‘traditional recommendations’, strength training is an excellent means of exercise that can cause HUGE changes in the way we look. This makes it the perfect type of training to complement our cardiovascular exercise.
Strength training can help build lean muscle
A sentence I hear on a very regular basis when discussing training or body composition goals goes a little something like this: “I don’t want to get big and bulky, I just want to ‘tone’ up”. To be honest, this thought process is extremely common for those looking to get into the weights room seriously for the first time. Which is why I then proceed to explain that weight training will not make you ‘big and bulky.’ It is actually extremely difficult to put on large amounts of muscle mass (particularly for females).
*Just quickly, if you want reassurance that this is the case, take a look at 99% of regular gym goers. Many look fit and healthy, while very few look like professional bodybuilders (even despite their best efforts).
In fact, the ‘toned’ look that many train for is actually a matter of building some muscle while losing some fat, resulting in more visible muscle definition – pretty simple really. So with all this in mind, strength training builds muscle tissue, which is integral to making large changes in body composition.
Strength training can increase our metabolism
As an added bonus, the process of building muscle – no matter how small the amount – can have a huge impact on our ability to lose weight.
You see, muscle is highly metabolic tissue, meaning that it actually requires energy to survive (it uses the energy we obtain from food). With this in mind, by increasing the amount of muscle mass we have on our body (even slightly), we can increase the amount of energy we burn each and every day – irrespective of the exercise we perform that day!
By adding some lean muscle tissue you can literally increase the amount of energy you burn when you’re on the couch or at work – which makes it much easier to promote weight loss in both the short and long term.
All it takes is performing some form of strength training 2-3 times per week.
Strength training can help us burn a heap of energy
Now, in addition to increasing our metabolism, strength training is also an effective means of promoting weight loss as is quite taxing. Strength training is a challenging form of exercise, and as such performing a single session will use a heap of energy. But where strength training differs from more traditional forms of exercise, is that it has a slightly longer recovery period associated. It is commonly accepted that muscle takes anywhere between 24 and 72 hours to completely recover after a workout (this recovery time is dependent on the intensity and volume of work performed during that training session).
During this entire period, the body is using additional energy to recover from our workout.
As a result, strength training can help us lose weight by increasing our energy expenditure both during, and after, our training session.
Bonus: Strength training helps you function every single day.
While this isn’t necessarily related to making any changes in our body composition, it is still certainly a large positive!
Becoming stronger, and through this improving our ability to function on a day to day basis, is extremely rewarding. It not only provides a clear demonstration that all our hard work in the gym is paying off, but also makes life in a physical sense much easier.
Whether it means being able to move your own furniture, pick up children without a second thought, or bring your groceries in from the car in a single trip, it doesn’t really matter – getting stronger will help you in every aspect of your life.
Take away message
When it comes to bang for your buck exercise strength training is hands down our best option. It have some great effects on our body composition, it can also improve our strength and function – both of which are essential to improving ability to get through the day.
With this in mind, performing weight training 2-3 times per week is ideal to stimulate both large increases in strength and massive changes in body composition. If you have any questions (or maybe don’t know where to start), feel free to book in with us today, so you can draw a line in the sand and get started.
Dolezal, Brett A., et al. “Muscle damage and resting metabolic rate after acute resistance exercise with an eccentric overload.” Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 32.7 (2000): 1202-1207.
Kraemer, William J., et al. “Effect of resistance training on women’s strength/power and occupational performances.” Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 33.6 (2001): 1011-1025.
Staron, R. S., et al. “Skeletal muscle adaptations during early phase of heavy-resistance training in men and women.” Journal of applied physiology 76.3 (1994): 1247-1255.
Zurlo, Francesco, et al. “Skeletal muscle metabolism is a major determinant of resting energy expenditure.” Journal of Clinical Investigation 86.5 (1990): 1423.